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SAP Module Interview Questions Answers

Question 1 : What are the types of special stocks available?

Answer 1 : - Consignment stock - vendor - Components provided to vendor - Project stock - Consignment stock – customer - Pipeline material - Orders on hand

Question 2 : What are the fields in purchasing view?

Answer 2 : - RFQ/Quotation - Purchase requisition - Purchase order - Master data (Info record, Source list, Conditions, Vendors etc.)v - Outline agreements

Question 3 : What are the types of inforecords?

Answer 3 : - Standard - Pipeline - Consignment - Subcontracting

Question 4 : What is the difference between the stock transfer between two plants belonging to same company code and those belonging to different company code?

Answer 4 : 1. A stock transfer from plant to plant generally takes place within a company code. It can, however, also take place between two company codes, if the plants are assigned to different valuation areas, which belong to different company codes. Unlike a stock transfer from storage location to storage location, a stock transfer from plant to plant affects both accounting and Materials Planning, as follows: * Accounting Accounting is affected if both plants are assigned to different valuation areas. This means that a stock transfer leads not only to a quantity update but also to a value update (stock value, G/L accounts). Thus, parallel to the material document for stock transfer, an accounting document is created. * Materials Planning Materials Planning is affected because a change of plant stock is taken into account by Materials Planning.     2. The stock transfer from one plant to another belonging to same company code is same as that of belonging to different company code functionally. In both the types of transfers, there will be a material document generated which will update the QTY in both the plants in the respective storage location. Accounting document generation will depend on the valuation level of the material. If the materials are being valuated at company level and it is being transferred from one plant to another belonging to the same company code, no accounting entry is generated. However, if the valuation is being done at plant level, the accounting document will be generated in both the cases.

Question 5 : What is the difference between business area and profit center?

Answer 5 : 1. Business area is where the total business is valuated as a whole Whereas Profit centre is an area where the company/work place allows the outside agency to use its machinery for external profits (eq: A CNC machine which can run 24 hrs a day is utilized in our company for 15 hrs and the balance 9 hrs is let out for addition to the company's profit) is known as Profit Centre. 2. Business area is related term to FI module and Profit centre is related to CO module. One business area can have one or more profit centers. 3. Business area is gared on external accounting where as profit centers are used for internal accounting purposes

Question 6 : How do you configure electronic bank statement?

Answer 6 : 1. Following is the sequence of configuration to be done for Electronis Bank Statment(EBS): 1. create Tranaction types( which helps you group all the house baks with same External transaction code). 2. assign them to house banks. 3 create and define posting rule keys . 4 assign them to external transaction codes. external transaction codes are bank specific codes for buisness tranactions( which it issues in each EBS) each one for each type of payment. eg. transfer order, foreign transfer,bill of exchange etc. 5 define posting specification for G/L posting as well as subledger posting 6. define account symbols(which determines the G/L account to be posted to) and assign them to posting keys. 2. 1. Create account symbols 2. Create gl accounts ans assign t account symbols 3. Create posting keys: 4. Posting rules 5. Assing external transactions

Question 7 : What is Legaccy System Migration Workbench? How it can be carried out in SAP SD?

Answer 7 : 1. LSMW is widely used by EDI programmers. EDI Programmers connect the SAP system to Non SAP system. During this Data migration is a necessity. When data migrates from source to destination the destination code is differrent from the source code. So what LSMW does is * Converts the data in to batch files * Then converts the batch files in to source code batch files * And then mirgates data. Standard Interfaces like BAPI or Idoc are used in this process. 2. The LSMW comprises the following main steps: * Read data (legacy data in spreadsheet tables and/or sequential files). * Convert data (from the source into the target format). * Import data (to the database used by the R/3 application. But, before these steps, you need to perform following steps : * Define source structure : structure of data in the source file. * Define target structure : structure of SAP that receives data. * Field mapping: Mapping between the source and target structure with conversions, if any. * Specify file: location of the source file Of all the methods used for data migration like BDC, LSMW , Call Transaction which one is used most of the time? How is the decision made which method should be followed? What is the procedure followed for this analysis? All the 3 methods are used to migrate data. Selection of these methods depends on the scenario, amount of data need to transfer. LSMW is a ready tool provided by SAP and you have to follow some 17 steps to migrate master data. While in BDCs Session method is the better choice because of some advantages over call transaction. But call transaction is also very useful to do immediate updation of small amout of data. (In call transaction developer has to handle errors). Bottom line is make choice of these methods based of real time requirements. These methods are chosen completely based on situation you are in. Direct input method is not available for all scenarios; else, they are the simplest ones. In batch input method, you need to do recording for the transaction concerned. Similarly, IDoc, and BAPI are there, and use of these need to be decided based on the requirement. Try to go through the some material on these four methods, and implement them. You will then have a fair idea about when to use wh

Question 8 : What is SAP APO?

Answer 8 : 1. SAP APO stands for Advanced Planner and Optimizer, which is one area of SCM and application component of MySAP product. Its is designed to provide solutions for companies in Demand planning, network design, supply network planning, production planning and global available to promise, transportation and scheduling. 2. Prior to SCM4.0 (-APO3.1) APO was a system, now from SCM4.0 APO is a function of SCM not a system as SCM now includes ECH and CM

Question 9 : What is the difference between updated project and end to end project. explain

Answer 9 : 1. Some organisations select to implement SAP module by module, thus gets updated as per their convenience / schedule. This is called as updated project. Some organisations simply plan all integrated functional modules and decide to go-live with all functional modules and take their entire operations on SAP. This is called as End to End SAP implementation project. 2. Upgrade Project is a project where in SAP is already in place and it is the version upgrade from a lower end to a higher version. End to End project is a project where SAP is implemented for the first time.  

Question 10 : How to create Tax Calculation Procedure?

Answer 10 : 1. Tax calculation procedures based on the countries depended. one country is using deferent of tax procedures. We are creating new country also and at what type calculation procedures present is running on the country and it is assigned which country used. 2. Tax calculation procedures based on the country wise using . and which country is used at what percent and it is used on the country. We are creating new country also at what percent it is used and it is assigned to using of this country.

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