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Computer Interview Questions Answers

SAP Report Interview Questions Answers

Question - 21 : - What are the SET Parameter and GET Parameter?

Answer - 21 : - To use parameter IDs, you need to “set” (store) values in the global memory area and then “get” (retrieve) values from this parameter ID memory area. §IIn the case of an online program, you will “set” values from screen fields and you will “get” these values for screen fields. §YYou can perform this “set/get” function two ways: § Use the ABAP statements “SET PARAMETER ID” and “GET PARAMETER ID”. § Use the field attributes “SPA” and “GPA” . §RRemember that parameter IDs can only be used with ABAP Dictionary fields because parameter IDs are linked to data elements. The appropriate data elements must have a parameter IDs for this “set/get” function to work.

Question - 22 : - What are the ways of creating Tables?

Answer - 22 : - There are two ways to create table 1) top-down approach 2) bottom-up approach

Question - 23 : - What is an Interactive Report?

Answer - 23 : - An Interactive report allows the user to participate in retrieving and present data at each level.while classical report doesn't have access to interact

Question - 24 : - How to navigate basic list to secondary list?

Answer - 24 : - We can Navigate from basic list to secondary list with the help the event called AT LINE-SELECTION. for every Secondary List the System Field SY-LSIND increases by 1. So there will be Totally 21 list possible in SAP. One Basic List 20 Secondary List.

Question - 25 : - Distinguish between setscreen and call screen?

Answer - 25 : - In the case of setscreen the entire processing of the current screen takes place and then the system branches out to next screen.if u want to branch out to the next screen without processing the current screen then LEAVE SCREEN should be used along with SET SCREEN. CALL SCREEN is usually used for pop up screens.

Question - 26 : - How many types of standard SAP Internal Tables?

Answer - 26 : - 1)standered table 2)index table 3)hashed table 4)sorted table

Question - 27 : - How will you find out where the user exits are available?

Answer - 27 : - How will you find out where the user exits are available? CMOD : This transaction allows you to create a PROJECT by identifying its ENHANCEMENT(S). After determining all of the ENHANCEMENTS that are part of the PROJECT, you will have to activate the PROJECT. You will still need to code your user-exit; therefore, you may want to wait until this step is completed before activating the PROJECT. §SMOD : This transaction allows you to create an ENHANCEMENT, which you will include in a PROJECT, by identifying its COMPONENT(S). In the case where SAP has already created an ENHANCEMENT for its pre-defined user-exits, you will not need to use transaction SMOD; instead, you should just use transaction CMOD.

Question - 28 : - Have you created tables in SAP? What are client dependent and independent tables? How do you create independent tables?

Answer - 28 : - Tables which are having MANDT field is called as client dependent tables. Tables which are not having MANDT field is called as client dependent tables.

Question - 29 : - How can validate input values in selection screen and which event was fired?

Answer - 29 : - We can Validate Selection Screen With the Help of the Following Events, the Event Follows the Same hierachy. AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON BLOCK AT SELECTION-SCREEN OUTPUT AT SELECTION-SCREEN. At selection-screen on select stmt ------------------ where = . if sy-subrc = 0. validation success for LOw value in selection screen At selection-screen on select stmt-------------------- where = if sy-subrc <> 0. validation failure on high value in the selection field. else success. endif

Question - 30 : - What is ABAP Memory and SAP Memory?

Answer - 30 : - SAP memory is a memory area to which all main sessions within a SAPgui have access. You can use SAP memory either to pass data from one program to another within a session, or to pass data from one session to another. Application programs that use SAP memory must do so using SPA/GPA parameters . ABAP memory is a memory area that all ABAP programs within the same internal session can access using the EXPORT and IMPORT statements. Data within this area remains intact during a whole sequence of program calls. To pass data to a program which you are calling, the data needs to be placed in ABAP memory before the call is made. The internal session of the called program then replaces that of the calling program. The program called can then read from the ABAP memory. 1. SAP memory is for cross-transaction Applications and ABAP/4 memory is transaction-specific. 2. The SAP memory, otherwise known as the global memory, is available to a user during the entire duration of a terminal session. Its contents are retained across transaction boundaries as well as external and internal sessions. The contents of the ABAP/4 memory are retained only during the lifetime of an external session. You can retain or pass data across internal sessions. 3. The SET PARAMETER and GET PARAMETER statements allow you to write to, or read from, the SAP memory. The EXPORT TO MEMORY and IMPORT FROM MEMORY statements allow you to write data to, or read data from, the ABAP memory.

Computer Contributors

Rajeev Katiyar
Yes Baroda

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