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Computer Interview Questions Answers

Networking Interview Questions Answers

Question - 1 : - What is Groupware server?

Answer - 1 : - Groupware addresses the management of semi-structured information such as text, image, mail, bulletin boards and the flow of work. These Client/Server systems have people in direct contact with other people.

Question - 2 : - What is meant by Symmentric Multiprocessing (SMP)?

Answer - 2 : - It treats all processors as equal. Any processor can do the work of any other processor. Applications are divided into threads that can run concurrently on any available processor. Any processor in the pool can run the OS kernel and execute user-written threads.

Question - 3 : - What is the difference between a domain local group and a global group?

Answer - 3 : -  Domain local groups grant permissions to objects within the domain in which the reside. Global groups contain grant permissions tree or forest wide for any objects within the Active Directory.

Question - 4 : - What is the range of addresses in the classes of internet addresses?

Answer - 4 : - Class A 0.0.0.0 - 127.255.255.255 Class B 128.0.0.0 - 191.255.255.255 Class C 192.0.0.0 - 223.255.255.255 Class D 224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255 Class E 240.0.0.0 - 247.255.255.255

Question - 5 : - What is a Multi-homed Host?

Answer - 5 : - It is a host that has a multiple network interfaces and that requires multiple IP addresses is called as a Multi-homed Host.

Question - 6 : - What is a DNS resource record?

Answer - 6 : - A resource record is an entry in a name server's database. There are several types of resource records used, including name-to-address resolution information. Resource records are maintained as ASCII files.

Question - 7 : - Explain IP datagram, Fragmentation and MTU.

Answer - 7 : - IP datagram can be used to describe a portion of IP data. Each IP datagram has set of fields arranged in an order. The order is specific which helps to decode and read the stream easily. IP datagram has fields like Version, header length, Type of service, Total length, checksum, flag, protocol, Time to live, Identification, source and destination ip address, padding, options and payload. MTU:- Maximum Transmission Unit is the size of the largest packet that a communication protocol can pass. The size can be fixed by some standard or decided at the time of connection Fragmentation is a process of breaking the IP packets into smaller pieces. Fragmentation is needed when the datagram is larger than the MTU. Each fragment becomes a datagram in itself and transmitted independently from source. When received by destination they are reassembled.

Question - 8 : - What is the difference between interior and exterior neighbor gateways?

Answer - 8 : - Interior gateways connect LANs of one organization, whereas exterior gateways connect the organization to the outside world.

Question - 9 : - What is EGP (Exterior Gateway Protocol)?

Answer - 9 : - It is the protocol the routers in neighboring autonomous systems use to identify the set of networks that can be reached within or via each autonomous system.

Question - 10 : - What are called Fat clients and Fat servers?

Answer - 10 : - If the bulk of the application runs on the Client side, then it is Fat clients. It is used for decision support and personal software. If the bulk of the application runs on the Server side, then it is Fat servers. It tries to minimize network interchanges by creating more abstract levels of services.

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